Characteristics of Computer

In this section, we will talk about the different characteristics of computers.

I hope this article will help you to understand the different characteristics of computers. Before diving into the topic, let us explain what the characteristics of computer means.

What are the characteristics of the computer?

As, we all know, the computer has become the vital need of our day to day routine work, whether it be home, office, any business or organization. Just imagine the world without a computer. Computers are abundantly used in every sphere of our life.

The computer has already dominated modern human civilization in such a way that there would be a huge impact on our day-to-day life without the computer.

Different Characteristics of Computer

Computers have many peculiarities and characteristics which make them so much popular among us.

Some of the important characteristics of a computer are enumerated below:

  • Speed
  • Accuracy
  • Diligence
  • Versatility
  • Reliability
  • Multitasking
  • Storing data
  • No IQ
  • No feeling


The computer can calculate or perform any task very fast as compared to the human brain. It can perform or execute millions of instructions within a second. Generally, its data processing speed is calculated in terms of Megahertz(MHz) or Gigahertz(GHz). Hertz is the basic unit of frequency that measures the number of oscillations or clock cycles per second. The more the number of clock cycles, the more is the processing speed of computers. 

The computer has the capability to solve complex computations within a fraction of a second, whereas the same calculation may take hours of time for the human.


 Computers present a  high degree of accuracy. Whatever may be the input or instruction given to it by the user; it will calculate the same and give a meaningful result accurately.

The error calculation may be due to human or wrong input.


 A human may get tired after continuous hours of work. But, the computer can work for hours without fatigue or tiredness. It never loses concentration for hours of continuous work. It can calculate millions of instructions for hours without making any errors.


Versatility is another very important characteristic of computers. The computer can work in almost every field of modern human civilization.

The computer is used at home for surfing the internet and multimedia applications such as gaming, watching movies or online videos, listening to your favorite audio track, and so on.

The same computer is used at the office of any organization for the front office, reception center, preparing presentations for meetings, or managing payrolls of the employees.

Computers are used on a large scale in the e-commerce industry for efficient business operation worldwide.

The versatile use of computers in every field makes it an inevitable component of the modern digital world.


Another characteristic of computers is their reliability.

The computer delivers a high degree of reliability. That is why almost everything in this world is computer-driven.

Today, all the major industries’ business operations all across the world are performed efficiently using the computer because of its reliability.

The company business is more profitable with the use of a computer. Because computer helps to perform any task in a very short time and in a reliable manner.


Multitasking capability of computer is also the major characteristics of a computer.

It can have the capacity to perform different types of tasks at the same time. You can surf the internet, at the same time, you prefer to listen to your favorite music. Simultaneously, you can make a document in MS word.

Storing data

 Computers can store any amount of information after processing them. The stored information can be used by the user in the future. The storage media like hard disk, floppy disk, optical disc are used for storing the data.

The computer can store a huge collection of data and information for future reference.

 Nowadays, the concept of cloud computing has made things simpler and easier. You do not need to bother about the local hard drive capacity of your computer to store a large amount of data. The online storage facility provided by the biggest IT companies like Google, Microsoft, Amazon, etc. provides the facility for online cloud storage. The user has to subscribe to the cloud computing applications like Google Drive, Microsoft Azure, etc. to avail of the cloud storage facility.


The computer doesn’t have its own intelligence. It performs its task only when some input is given by the human (user).

The computer is dependent on humans to perform any task. It always receives instruction or input from the user to execute the given task efficiently and correctly. It waits for the user input and processes the result based on the input given to it.

No feeling

The human being has feelings and emotions. Because of this nature, the performance or working capacity of humans varies from person to person.

Unlike a human being, the computer doesn’t have such feelings or emotions that reflect the performance capability of the computer. Also, the computer does not recognize its user’s mood, whether he/she is happy or sad.



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