Characteristics of Computer

In this section, we will talk about the different characteristics of computer.

I hope this article will help you to understand the different characteristics of computer. Before diving into the topic, let us explain what  the characteristics of computer means.

What is the characteristics of computer

As, we all know, computer has become the vital need of our day to day routine work, whether it be home, office, any business or organization. Just imagine the world without computer. Computers are  abundantly used in every sphere of our life.

The computer has already dominated modern human civilization in such a way that there would be a huge impact on our day today life without computer.

Different Characteristics of Computer

The computers have many peculiarities and characteristics which make them so much popular among us.

Some of the important characteristics of computer are enumerated below:

  • Speed
  • Accuracy
  • Diligence
  • Versatility
  • Reliability
  • Multitasking
  • Storing data
  • No IQ
  • No feeling


The computer can calculate or perform any task very fast as compared to the human brain. It can perform or execute millions of instructions within a second. Generally, its data processing speed is calculated in terms of Megahertz(MHz) or Gigahertz(GHz). Hertz is the basic unit of  frequency which measures the numbers of oscillations or clock cycles per second. The more the numbers of clock cycles, the more is the processing speed of computer. 

The computer has the capability to  solve the complex computation within a fraction of  second, whereas the same  calculation may take hours of time for the human.


 Computers give the result in a high degree of accuracy. Whatever may be the input or instruction given to it by the user; it will calculate the same and give a meaningful result accurately.

The error calculation may be due to human or wrong input.


 Human may get tired after continuous hours of working. But, the computer can work for hours without fatigue or tiredness. It never loses concentration for hours of continuous work. It can calculate millions of instructions for hours without making any errors.


Versatility is another very important characteristics of computer. The computer can work in almost every field of modern human civilization.

The computer is used at home for surfing the internet and multimedia applications such as gaming, watching movies or online videos, listening to your favourite audio track, and so on.

The same computer is used at office of any organization for front office, reception centre, preparing presentation for meetings or managing payrolls of the employees.

The computers are used in large scale in e-commerce industry for efficient business operation worldwide.

The versatile use of computer in every field makes it inevitable component of modern digital world.


The another characteristics of computer is its reliability.

The computer delivers a high degree of reliability. That is why, almost everything in this world is computer driven.

Today, all the major industries business operations all across the world are performed effieciently using the computer because of its reliability.

The company business is more profitable with the use of computer. Because, computer helps to perform any task in a very short time and in a reliable manner.


Multitasking capability of computer is also the major characteristics of computer.

It can have the capacity to perform different types of tasks at the same time. You can surf the internet, at the same time, you prefer to listen to your favorite music. Simultaneously, you can make a document in MS word.

Storing data

 Computers can store any amount of information after processing them. The stored information can be used by the user in the future. The storage media like hard disk, floppy disk, optical disc are used for storing the data.

The computer can store huge collection of data and information for future reference.

 Nowadays, the concept of cloud computing has made things more simpler and easier. You do not need to bother about your local hard drive capacity of your computer  to store large amount of data. The online storage facility provided by the biggest IT companies like Google, Microsoft, Amazon, etc. provides the facility for online cloud storage. The user has to subscribe to the cloud computing  applications like Google Drive, Microsoft Azure etc. to avail the cloud storage facility.


The computer doesn’t have its own intelligence. It performs its task only when some input is given by the human (user).

The computer is dependent on human to perform any task. It always receives instruction or input from the user to execute the given task efficiently and correctly. It waits for the user input and processes the result based on the input given to it.

No feeling

The human being has feelings and emotions. Because of this nature, the performance or working capacity of human varies from person to person.

Unlike human being, the computer  doesn’t have such feelings or emotions that reflects the performance capability of the computer. Also the computer doesnot recognize its user’s mood, whether he/she is happy or sad.



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